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Old 03-13-2018, 05:00 PM
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Default STUDY: Evolution, trends, outcomes, economics of HSCT in severe autoimmune disease

Blood Adv. 2017 Dec 20;1(27):2742-2755. doi: 10.1182/bloodadvances.2017010041. eCollection 2017 Dec 26.

Evolution, trends, outcomes, and economics of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in severe autoimmune diseases.

Snowden JA1, Badoglio M2, Labopin M3, Giebel S4, McGrath E5, Marjanovic Z6, Burman J7, Moore J8, Rovira M9, Wulffraat NM10, Kazmi M11, Greco R12, Snarski E13, Kozak T14, Kirgizov K15, Alexander T16, Bader P17, Saccardi R18, Farge D19,20; European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) Autoimmune Diseases Working Party (ADWP); EBMT Paediatric Working Party (PWP); Joint Accreditation Committee of the International Society for Cellular Therapy (ISCT); EBMT (JACIE).
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Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has evolved for >20 years as a specific treatment of patients with autoimmune disease (AD). Using European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation registry data, we summarized trends and identified factors influencing activity and outcomes in patients with AD undergoing first autologous HSCT (n = 1951; median age, 37 years [3-76]) and allogeneic HSCT (n = 105; median age, 12 years [<1-62]) in 247 centers in 40 countries from 1994 to 2015. Predominant countries of activity were Italy, Germany, Sweden, the United Kingdom, The Netherlands, Spain, France, and Australia. National activity correlated with the Human Development Index (P = .006). For autologous HSCT, outcomes varied significantly between diseases.

There was chronological improvement in progression-free survival (PFS, P < 10-5), relapse/progression (P < 10-5), and nonrelapse mortality (P = .01). Health care expenditure was associated with improved outcomes in systemic sclerosis and multiple sclerosis (MS). On multivariate analysis selecting adults for MS, systemic sclerosis, and Crohn disease, better PFS was associated with experience (≥23 transplants for AD, P = .001), learning (time from first HSCT for AD ≥6 years, P = .01), and Joint Accreditation Committee of the International Society for Cellular Therapy and European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation accreditation status (P = .02).

Despite improved survival over time (P = .02), allogeneic HSCT use remained low and largely restricted to pediatric practice. Autologous HSCT has evolved into a treatment modality to be considered alongside other modern therapies in severe AD. Center experience, accreditation, interspecialty networking, and national socioeconomic factors are relevant for health service delivery of HSCT in AD.
Dave Bexfield
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