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Old 10-26-2017, 11:23 AM
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Default STUDY: Effects of physical training on multiple sclerosis patients

Effects of physical training on multiple sclerosis patients: a longitudinal study

ECTRIMS Online Library. Ponzano M. Oct 25, 2017; 199853

Abstract: EP1833
Type: ePoster
Abstract Category: Therapy - symptomatic - 34 Quality of life

Aim: The investigation of the effects of a 30 seconds static stretching protocol, Pilates® and resistance training with elastic bands on muscle strength, rachis morphology, flexibility and body balance among RRMS patients.

Methods: Twenty-two subjects with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS, EDSS ≤ 6) were randomly divided into 3 groups (8, 7, 7 subjects) and performed 16 weeks of training as follows. Static Stretching group: 2 sessions/week, 3 sets of 30 seconds for each exercise. Elastic group: 2 resistance training sessions/week, 3 sets of 10 repetitions. Pilates® group: 2 sessions/week, 2 sets of 8 repetitions for each exercise. Stabilometry, rachis morphology, sit and reach, and sit to stand tests were executed three times: T0, after a month of learning training protocols, to identify the initial situation; T1, two months after T0, to evaluate the effects brought about by the first eight weeks of training; T2, two months after T1, to evaluate the effects brought about by sixteen weeks of training.

Results: Static Stretching group. Spinal Mouse® (inclination line between ThSp1 and S1 from a standing position): T0 vs T2, -55%, ES = 0.67; Sit and Reach test: T0 vs T2, +15%, ES = 0.36. Elastic group. Stabilometry with eyes open: T0 vs T1, -51%, ES = 0.52; stabilometry with eyes closed: T0 vs T1, -52%, ES = 1.69; sit to stand test: T0 vs T2, +39%, ES = 1.83. Pilates group. Sit and Reach test: T0 vs T2, +15%, ES = 0.4; Sit to Stand test: T0 vs T2, +31%, ES = 1.21.

Conclusions: Static stretching, Pilates® and resistance training are believed valid to improve the motor control of the rachis, body flexibility and the performance in the Sit to Stand test. Hence, it is possible to hypothesize an increment in autonomy in the daily life of people affected by RRMS brought about by this three protocols.
Dave Bexfield
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