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Old 04-05-2020, 02:00 PM
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Default Exercise reduces depression and anxiety in MSers

Studies continue to emphasize the importance of exercise when it comes to depression and anxiety, to key areas to address during our coronavirus challenges. -D

Health Psychol. 2020 Mar 23. doi: 10.1037/hea0000848. [Epub ahead of print]

Longitudinal associations between physical activity, anxiety, and depression in adults with long-term physical disabilities.

Battalio S, Huffman S, Jensen M.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:
To evaluate the longitudinal associations between self-reported physical activity and anxiety and depression symptom severity in adults with long-term physical disabilities.

METHOD:
A secondary analysis of data from a United States-based longitudinal survey study of community-dwelling adults with 1 of 4 potential long-term physical disabilities (multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy, spinal cord injury, postpoliomyelitis syndrome). The first time point (T1) for the current study was completed by 1,594 participants. The second survey (T2) was sent 1 year later, and the third (T3) was sent 3 years later; each were completed by 1,380 and 1,218 participants, respectively. At each time point, participants completed a measure of physical activity (Godin Leisure Time Exercise Questionnaire) and Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement System short forms evaluating depression and anxiety severity.

RESULTS:
Mixed growth curve models showed greater quantities of physical activity were associated with decreases in both depression (χ2(2) = 84.01, p < .001) and anxiety (χ2(2) = 21.66, p < .001) symptom severity over the 4-year period. However, while greater quantities of moderate (anxiety z = -2.24, p < .05; depression z = -5.48, p < .001) and strenuous (anxiety z = -2.59, p < .05; depression z = -3.90, p < .001) physical activity were significantly associated with decreases in negative affect, mild physical activity was not.

CONCLUSION:
The current study provides evidence that physical activity is longitudinally associated with anxious and depressive symptoms in adults with long-term physical disabilities. Future research should examine the quantities and intensities of physical activity necessary to impart psychological benefits.
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Old 04-05-2020, 02:04 PM
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Medical Journal of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences and Health Services

The effect of eight weeks combined training on some induces of physical and psychological function in women with multiple sclerosis

Elnaz Abaspour, Mohamad Reza, Zolfaghar Didani, Kazem Khodaei
Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran

Received: 4 April 2018 Accepted: 24 June 2018 First Published online: 26 Feb 2020

Med J Tabriz Uni Med Sciences Health Services. 2020 April- May; 42(1):82-90

Abstract

Background: Functional abnormalities in multiple sclerosis may be due to a decrease in the level of physical activity of MS patients compared to healthy People. Exercise activity as a non-pharmacological method can have beneficial effects on the rehabilitation of these patients. Therefore, the purpose of present study was to investigate the effect of eight weeks of combined training on some indicators of physical and mental function in women with
multiple sclerosis.

Methods: Twenty women with multiple sclerosis were randomly divided into experimental and control group that only 16 subjects (8 in the training group and 8 in the control group) were able to complete all stages of this study. The training group participated in eight weeks and three days per week in combined training program (contains rhythmic aerobic and resistance training by bodyweight, Theraband, and TRX). Muscles strength, endurance and speed of walking, and psychological induces were evaluated in pre- test and post-test. Independent and paired samples T-test were used for data analysis.

Results: Combined training resulted in a significant increase in quadriceps and hand muscles strength, endurance and speed of walking, and also significant decrease in depression and anxiety levels (P˂0.05). However, no significant difference was observed in the fingers strength (P˃0.05).

Conclusion: It seems that combined training used in present study can be effective in increasing muscle strength, motor function, and decreasing depression and anxiety in women with multiple sclerosis. Therefore, the use of this training method at the club and home is recommended for these patients.

Keyword: Combined Training, Psychological Induces, Motor Function, Muscle Strength, Multiple Sclerosis

How to cite this article: Abaspour E, Zolfaghar Didani M R, Khodaei K. [The effect of eight weeks combined training on some
induces of physical and psychological function in women with multiple sclerosis]. Med J Tabriz Uni Med Sciences Health
Services. 2020 April- May; 42(1):82-90. Persian
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