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Physical exercise for management of cognitive impairment in MS patients

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  • Physical exercise for management of cognitive impairment in MS patients

    While this might not have the same weight as a full-blown research paper, it's an interesting read and an interesting conclusion: "Through this literature review, it can be concluded that a leading treatment to reduce the progression of multiple sclerosis is physical exercise."-D

    Exercise & Sport Nutrition Reviews 2019

    Physical exercise for management of cognitive impairment in multiple sclerosis patients

    Reagan L. Trent
    Exercise & Sport Nutrition Lab, Department of Health & Kinesiology, Human Clinical Research Facility, College
    Station, Texas, USA, 77843-4253

    Received: April 1, 2019; Accepted: May 15, 2019; Published: July 26, 2019

    Abstract: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immunological disease affecting the nerves and leads to impaired cognition, walking, balance, fatigue, and depression. The most applicable symptom to all daily living, yet often overlooked, is cognitive impairment. Current research has looked in on the effectiveness physical exercise can have in managing MS.

    By conducting a literature review of the research, studies show exercise significantly improves several aspects of cognitive function, as well as aerobic fitness, fatigue resistance, ambulatory ability, and mood. All patients are affected differently by MS, so an individualized exercise plan should be prescribed to accommodate needs and disabilities. For mild to moderate impairment, 30 minutes of aerobic exercise 2-3 times per week is recommended. There are a variety of exercises that can be modified to have the same benefits.

    Theories suggest exercise has this effect by increasing neuroplasticity in the brain and releasing brain derived neurotropic factor, which contributes to the synthesis of neurons. Further studies need to be done on the direct neurological factors influencing cognition as data is limited.

    This paper reviews the current literature on the impact of physical exercise on multiple sclerosis and its therapeutic implications.

    Dave Bexfield