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STUDY: Exercise and quality of life in MS

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  • STUDY: Exercise and quality of life in MS

    Effect of self-efficacy and physical activity participation on QoL in MS

    G. Pardo, C. Fjeldstad (Oklahoma City, US)

    Objective: To examine if increased self-efficacy and increased participation in physical activity have an effect on overall QOL in individuals with MS.

    Methods: 110 individuals with MS participated in this study. Each individual completed the Multiple Sclerosis Self-Efficacy scale (MSSE), the Multiple Sclerosis Impact Scale (MSIS-29), and the Goodin Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire (GLTEQ). Pearson product moment correlation coefficients were computed for self-efficacy, physical activity and QOL. Univariate analysis was used to determine gender differences in self-efficacy and QOL, and physical activity and QOL. Further, univariate analysis was also used to determine whether differences in self-efficacy, physical activity or QOL existed between individuals with different types of MS.

    Results: Cohort (n = 110) characteristics include: female (75%), Relapsing remitting form of MS (81%), married (68%), employed (44%), educated (40% had some college and 38% were college graduates). Duration since MS diagnosis was 7.6 years (SE = .62). There was moderately high negative correlations between MSSE and QOL, physical component (r = -.65, p<.01), and psychological component (r = -.63, p<.01), indicating that the greater the self-efficacy the less psychological issues and the more ability individuals have to perform physical tasks. There was a low negative, but significant correlation between total time spent in leisure activity and physical component of QOL (r = -.21, p<.05), but not for psychological component. Further, there was no correlation between time spent in leisure time activity and self-efficacy in this study which is in contrast to some other studies.

    Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that with increased self-efficacy there is a concomitant increase in QOL in both physical and psychological components, which is important for overall increased independence and functionality in the MS population.
    Dave Bexfield